Desert Whitethroat

Sylvia (curruca) minula  in हिंदी
Scientific Name:  Sylvia (curruca) minula

Name:  Desert Whitethroat

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Slightly smaller than Lesser, with finer bill. Has paler, sandy grey-brown upperparts with sandy fringes to coverts and edges to secondaries forming sandy panel on wing. Tail slightly darker grey-brown than rump/uppertail-coverts, but shows little contrast(unlike Lesser). Forehead and crown paler grey than in Lesser, and Usually lacks darker 'mask', giving 'plain-faced' appearance. Underparts often washed with warm buff(more than in Lesser).

Size in cm:

13-13 cm

Size in Inch

5-5 Inch

Primary color:


Secondary color:

white   (Bird may have more colors)


May be like lesser Whitethroat

Habit and habited:

Inhabits open woodland and scrub, feeding on insects and nectar, usually high in trees but also in bushes.


Pleasant, rather quiet and varied warbling song.

Bird Type:

Perching Birds


The desert whitethroat (Sylvia minula) is a typical warbler. Until recently, it was considered conspecific with the lesser whitethroat as some authorities now reinstate. These are seen as members of a superspecies. The desert whitethroat together with Hume's whitethroat form an Asian lineage in the superspecies, which have diverged into species adapted to drier lowlands and moister mountain habitats respectively. The name small whitethroat has also been used by some authors, and desert lesser whitethroat before it was split from lesser whitethroat.

It is distinguished from Hume's and lesser whitethroats by its smaller size (12 cm length, 8–13 g weight), smaller bill, the uniformly paler grey head lacking the well-marked dark cheeks of Hume's and lesser whitethroats, and a lighter grey-brown back; in these differences it follows Gloger's rule of pale colour in arid regions. The throat is white, and the rest of the underparts pale greyish-white.

Distribution Map

  •     Resident (inc. local and altitudinal migrants)
  •     Former range (no recent records but may still survive)
  •     Summer visitor (including summer monsoon)
  •     Winter visitor
  •     Passage (autumn and/or spring) visitor
  •     known to be occasional, scarce or erratic
  •     Small isolated population (actual range smaller)  
  •     Isolated record(s) - one or more in the same area  
  •  colour coded for seasonality as per coloured ranges, black denotes unspecified season

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