Western Reef Egret

Egretta gularis  in हिंदी
Scientific Name:  Egretta gularis

Name:  Western Reef Egret

    Local Names:
  • Bhojpuri     काला बकुला
  • Gujarati     દરિયાઈ બગલો
  • Hindi     काला बगुला
  • Malayalam     തിരമുണ്ടി
  • Marathi     समुद्री काळा बगळा
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Occurs in dark grey, intermediate and white dolour morphs. Bill longer and stouter than Little's and usually appearing very slightly downcurved; typically mainly yellowish or browinsh-yellow. Legs also slightly shorter and thicker-looking; vary from black with yellow feet to being mainly green. Usually solitary when foraging. but occasionlly in tows or threes; sometimnes wityh Little Egrets.

Size in cm:

55-65 cm

Size in Inch

22-26 Inch

Primary color:


Secondary color:

gray   (Bird may have more colors)


The western reef heron species feed on fish, crustaceans and molluscs. They also feed on invertebrates like insects, grubs and earthworms. They stalk the prey by standing still in shallow water. Sometimes they are seen stirring the water with foot to flush out the prey.

Habit and habited:

Roosts communally. Diurnal and partly crepuscluar. More active than other egrets when hunting, often running, jumping andturning rapidly. At highwater sits in hunched posture, waiting for tide to ebb. Seashores, estuaries, mangroves, and tidal creeks; occasionally at fresh waters


Bird Type:


The Western Reef Heron is a medium-sized heron. It occurs mainly on the coasts in tropical west Africa, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and east to India. The Western Reef Heron's breeding habitat is coastal wetlands. They nest in colonies, often with other wading birds, usually on platforms of sticks in trees or shrubs. The normal clutch is two or three eggs. These birds stalk their prey in shallow water, often running or shuffling their feet; they may also stand still and wait to ambush prey.

Distribution Map

  •     Resident (inc. local and altitudinal migrants)
  •     Former range (no recent records but may still survive)
  •     Summer visitor (including summer monsoon)
  •     Winter visitor
  •     Passage (autumn and/or spring) visitor
  •     known to be occasional, scarce or erratic
  •     Small isolated population (actual range smaller)  
  •     Isolated record(s) - one or more in the same area  
  •  colour coded for seasonality as per coloured ranges, black denotes unspecified season

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