Brahminy Starling - Brahminy Myna

Sturnia pagodarum  in हिंदी
Scientific Name:  Sturnia pagodarum

Name:  Brahminy Starling - Brahminy Myna

    Local Names:
  • Bengali     বামুনি কাঠশালিক
  • Bhojpuri     पूहई, ब्राह्मणी मैना
  • Gujarati     શ્યામશિર બબ્બાઈ, બાહ્મણી મેના
  • Hindi     कालासिर मैना, चन्ना हुडी
  • Kannada     ಕರಿತಲೆ ಕಬ್ಬಕ್ಕಿ
  • Malayalam     കരിന്തലച്ചിക്കാളി
  • Marathi     ब्राह्मणी मैना, भांगपाडी मैना, पोपई मैना
  • Nepali     जुरे सारौँ, जुरे रुपी
  • Punjabi     ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮਣੀ ਮੈਨਾ
  • Sanskrit     शङ्करा
Contribute Photo

The adult has long loose crest formed by elongate crown feathers. On nape and upper breast, feathers are also hackled. On the head, forehead and crown are glossy black. The nape is cinnamon with fine shaft streaks. This part is often concealed by the long crest feathers. On the upperparts, mantle, back and rump are brownish-grey. On the upperwing, coverts are grey tinged brown, and primaries are dull blackish with some white at base. The tail is grey-brown with white tips except on central pair. The underparts are cinnamon, including the neck sides. On the upper breast, some pale shafts give streaked effect. Flanks, vent and undertail-coverts are greyer. The bill is yellow with bluish base. Eyes are pale greenish-yellow. Legs and feet are yellow. The female is very similar but she has shorter crest and hackles, buffer underparts and grey eyes. The juvenile has browner back and crown, and lacks crest and hackles. It resembles female but it is duller.

Size in cm:

21-21 cm

Size in Inch

8-8 Inch

Primary color:


Secondary color:

black   (Bird may have more colors)


The Brahminy Starling feeds primarily on insects such as grasshoppers and crickets, cockroaches, termites, bugs, butterflies, moths and caterpillars, flies, ants, bees and beetles. It also takes spiders, snails and earthworms. It consumes plant matter such as fruits and berries from various plant species, flower parts and nectar.

Habit and habited:

The Brahminy Starling occurs in dry open country and lowlands, open deciduous forest, scrub and cultivated areas. It is often seen near habitations and in waterlogged areas.


The Brahminy Starling’s calls are harsh shrieks rapidly repeated in series which can be preceded by nasal note. The alarm call is a grating churr uttered in short series. The song is short, a drawn-out gurgling sound, followed by louder bubbling yodel gu-u-weerh-kwurti-kwee-ah.

Bird Type:

This myna is pale buff creamy with a black cap and a loose crest. The bill is yellow with a bluish base. The iris is pale and there is a bluish patch of skin around the eye. The outer tail feathers have white and the black primaries of the wings do not have any white patches. The adult male has a more prominent crest than the female and also has longer neck hackles. Juveniles are duller and the cap is browner. The species name pagodarum is thought to be based on occurrence of the species on buildings and temple pagodas in southern India

Distribution Map

  •     Resident (inc. local and altitudinal migrants)
  •     Former range (no recent records but may still survive)
  •     Summer visitor (including summer monsoon)
  •     Winter visitor
  •     Passage (autumn and/or spring) visitor
  •     known to be occasional, scarce or erratic
  •     Small isolated population (actual range smaller)  
  •     Isolated record(s) - one or more in the same area  
  •  colour coded for seasonality as per coloured ranges, black denotes unspecified season

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